Th. G. Allen, BD in OIM: The Egyptian Book of the Dead Documents in the Oriental M. Alliot, Culte d'Horus: Le culte d'Horus ä Edfu I, BdE 20, Kairo Stricker, Geboorte van Horus: B.H. Stricker, De geboorte van Horus, I-V, MVEOL 14, , 22, 26, Tb (Irtyw): T.G. Allen, The Egyptian Book of the Dead. Die Parallelen zwischen Horus und Jesus sind unübersehbar! (Ähnliche Parallelen finden . The Ritual: The Egyptian Book of the Dead Dr. Jacobus Van Dijk. The connection one makes in this way helps take us to the feeling of oneness with the All and a connection to our true self. Der wahre Prophet Jesus wurde im Herbst geboren. Purification is a lifetime process, to clean away all the junk we have acquired. The fire comes from the mouth, and the use of the voice is key to make the boat move. Geburt zur Wintersonnenwende, zwölf Jünger, Kreuzigung und Wiederauferstehung. The crocodile represents these patterns because the negative thoughts lie unseen in our subconscious mind, just as the crocodile lies unseen in the Nile. Wintersonnenwende um den It is more likened to the astral realm, a real world beyond the physical. Some of that training would have happened in the chambers and passages of the Giza complex. No writer has ever explained why. In die Hölle hinabgestiegen; nach ungefähr 30 bis 38 Stunden Freitagnachmittag bis vermutlich irgendwann am Sonntagvormittag , die Teile von drei Tagen abdecken, auferstanden. Die Jungfrau Isis hält das Kleinkind Horus. Manche Namen erinnerten auch an bekannte Götter, z. Ort, wo sich das Auferweckungswunder zutrug:
The Bible back in the OLD days did not exist in writing but were stories passed down from tribe to tribe by mouth. You can't know that your assumption is correct unless you know everything from the beginning to the end.
You can't know who "stole" or knew the story first. You can know if Jesus was the Christ, if you really sincerely want to know, by praying and asking God.
Somebody didn't do their homework Jesus is foretold in Jewish scriptures, Isaiah 7: Was Daniel a false prophet or was Jesus the Messiah or was someone else the Messiah?
Are all the writings of the New testament frauds or were the eyewitnesses of Jesus' resurrection telling the truth?
Does it make more sense that all of the historical documentation is a conspiracy executed over thousands of years to defraud the masses, or someone is fishing for excuses to not believe because You are citing, indirectly no doubt, the ramblings of a discredited Victorian Era eccentric, Gerald Massey.
There is no substantiation of any of the non-trivial claims. Under no circumstances would anyone familiar with Egyptian Mythology ever use the word "Virgin" to describe Isis.
Isis was a co-equal god with her husband, and twin brother, Osiris, the father of Horus, and in some versions of the myth Isis and Osiris had ceased to be virgins in the womb.
They tend to copy paganism and try to claim that it's the only "true religion" People don't know the real history and deny it because it's "wrong" in their religion and the ones that know it's rooted in paganism usually don't celebrate it.
Christmas was the Winter Solstice, which was the birth of the Sun God and Easter is the fertility festival which is why there's bunnies and eggs.
I went to Catholic school for 5 years, I've read the Bible and I've done a lot of research on this subject and this is what I've drawn my conclusions to.
It just didn;t happen. Yea, people are strange, I used to study the Necronomicon at Miskatonic University, it's a good read.
He was self produced, and was the great god of the earth, air, sea and sky; and he united in himself the attributes of many gods.
He was the scribe of the gods, and, as such, he was regarded as the inventor of all the arts and sciences known to the Egyptians; some of his titles are "lord of writing," "master of papyrus," "maker of the palette and the ink-jar," "the mighty speaker," "the sweet tongued"; and the words and compositions which he recited on behalf of the deceased preserved the latter from the influence of hostile powers and made him invincible in the "other world.
As the chronologer of heaven and earth, he became the god of the moon; and as the reckoner of time, he obtained his name Tehuti , i. When the great combat took place between Horus, the son of Isis, and Set, Thoth was present as judge, and he gave to Isis the cow's head in the place of her own which was cut off by Horus in his rage at her interference; having reference to this fact he is called Ap-rehui, "The judge of the two combatants.
It has been thought that there were two gods called Thoth, one being a form of Shu; but the attributes belonging to each have not yet been satisfactorily defined.
Maat , the wife of Thoth, was the daughter of Ra, and a very ancient goddess; she seems to have assisted Ptah and Khnemu in carrying out rightly the work of creation ordered by Thoth.
There is no one word which will exactly describe the Egyptian conception of Maat both from a physical and from a moral point of view; but the fundamental idea of the word is " straight," and from the Egyptian texts it is clear that maat meant right, true, truth, real, genuine, upright, righteous, just, steadfast, unalterable, etc.
Thus already in the Prisse papyrus it is said, "Great is maat , the mighty and unalterable, and it hath never been broken since the time of Osiris," and Ptah-hetep counsels his listener to "make maat , or right and truth, to germinate.
Het-heru , or Hathor the "house of Horus," was the goddess of the sky wherein Horus the sun-god rose and set. Subsequently a great number of goddesses of the same name were developed from her, and these were identified with Isis, Neith, Iusaset, and many other goddesses whose attributes they absorbed.
A group of seven Hathors is also mentioned, and these appear to have partaken of the nature of good fairies. In one form Hathor was the goddess of love, beauty,.
The various meanings of maat are illustrated by abundant passages from Egyptian texts by Brugsch, Wörterbuch Suppl.
Often she has the form of a cow--the animal sacred to her--and in this form she appears as the goddess of the tomb or Ta-sertet, and she provides meat and drink for the deceased.
Meht-urt is the personification of that part of the sky wherein the sun rises, and also of that part of it in which he takes his daily course; she is depicted in the form of a cow, along the body of which the two barks of the sun are seen sailing.
Already in the pyramid texts we find the attribute of judge ascribed to Meh-urt, and down to a very late date the judgment of the deceased in the hall of double Maat in the presence of Thoth and the other gods was believed to take place in the abode of Meh-urt.
Net or Neith , "the divine mother, the lady of heaven, the mistress of the gods," was one of the most ancient deities of Egypt, and in the pyramid texts she appears as the mother of Sebek.
In one form she was the goddess of the loom and shuttle, and also of the chase; in this aspect she was identified by the Greeks with Athene.
She is depicted in the form of a woman, having upon her head the shuttle or arrows, or she wears the crown and holds arrows, a bow, and a sceptre in her left hand; she also appears in the form of a cow.
She was the personification of the burning heat of the sun, and as such was the destroyer of the enemies of Ra and Osiris.
When Ra determined to punish mankind with death, because they scoffed at him, he sent Sekhet, his "eye," to perform the work of vengeance; illustrative of this aspect of her is a figure wherein she is depicted with the sun's eye for a head.
A good set of illustrations of this goddess will be found in Lanzone, op. Bast , according to one legend, was the mother of Nefer-Tmu.
She was the personification of the gentle and fructifying heat of the sun, as opposed to that personified by Sekhet. The cat was sacred to Bast, and the goddess is usually depicted cat-headed.
The most famous seat of her worship was the city of Bubastis, the modern Tell Basta, in the Delta. Nefer-Tmu was the son either of Sekhet or Bast, and he personified some form of the sun's heat.
Neheb-ka is the name of a goddess who is usually represented with the head of a serpent, and with whom the deceased identifies himself.
Sebak a form of Horus the sun-god, must be distinguished from Sebak the companion of Set, the opponent of Osiris; of each of these gods the crocodile was the sacred animal, and for this reason probably the gods themselves were confounded.
Sebak-Ra, the lord of Ombos, is usually depicted in human form with the head of a crocodile, surmounted by , , or , or. Amsu or Amsi is one of the most ancient gods of Egypt.
He personified the power of generation, or the reproductive force of nature; he was the "father of his own mother," and was identified with "Horus the mighty," or with Horus the avenger of his father Un-nefer or Osiris.
He is depicted usually in the form of a man standing upon; and he has upon his head the plumes and holds the flail in his right hand, which is raised above his shoulder.
Neb-er-tcher , a name which originally implied the "god of the universe," but which was subsequently given to Osiris, and indicated the god after the completed reconstruction of his body, which had been hacked to pieces by Set.
Un-nefer a name of Osiris in his capacity of god and judge of the dead in the underworld. Some make these words to mean the "good being," and others the "beautiful hare.
Mert or Mer-sekert the lover of silence," is a name of Isis or Hathor as goddess of the underworld. She is depicted in the form of a woman, having a disk and horns upon her head.
Serq or Selk is a form of the goddess Isis. She is usually depicted in the form of a woman, with a scorpion upon her head; occasionally she appears as a scorpion with a woman's head surmounted by disk and horns.
Ta-urt , the Thoueris of the Greeks, was identified as the wife of Set or Typhon; she is also known under the names Apt and Sheput.
Her common titles are "mistress of the gods and "bearer of the gods". She is depicted in the form of a hippopotamus standing on her hind legs, with distended paunch and hanging breasts, and one of her forefeet rests upon ; sometimes she has the head of a woman, but she always wears the disk, horns, and plumes.
Uatchit was a form of Hathor, and was identified with the appearance of the sky in the north when the sun rose.
Beb , Bebti , Baba , or Babu , mentioned three times in the Book of the Dead, is the "firstborn son of Osiris," and seems to be one of the gods of generation.
Hapi is the name of the great god of the Nile who was worshipped in Egypt under two forms, i. From the earliest times the Nile was regarded by the Egyptians as the source of all the prosperity of Egypt, and it was honoured as being the type of the life-giving waters out of the midst of which sprang the gods and all created things.
In turn it was identified with all the gods of Egypt, new or old, and its influence was so great upon the minds of the Egyptians that from the earliest days they depicted to themselves a material heaven wherein the Isles of the Blest were laved by the waters of the Nile, and the approach to which was by the way of its stream as it flowed to the north.
Others again lived in imagination on the banks of the heavenly Nile, whereon they built cities; and it seems as if the Egyptians never succeeded in conceiving a heaven without a Nile and canals.
The Nile is depicted in the form of a man, who wears upon his head a clump of papyrus or lotus flowers; his breasts are those of a woman, indicating fertility.
Lanzone reproduces an interesting scene in which the north and south Nile gods are tying a papyrus and a lotus stalk around the emblem of union to indicate the unity of Upper and Lower Egypt, and this emblem is found cut upon the thrones of the kings of Egypt to indicate their sovereignty over the regions traversed by the South and North Niles.
It has already been said that Hapi was identified with all the gods in turn, and it follows as a matter of course that the attributes of each were ascribed to him; in one respect, however he is different from them all, for of him it is written.
In the pyramid texts we find a group of four gods with whom the deceased is closely connected in the "other world"; these are the four "children of Horus" whose names are given in the following order: Each was supposed to be lord of one of the quarters of the world, and finally became the god of one of the cardinal points.
Hapi represented the north, Tuamautef the east, Amset the south, and Qebhsennuf the west. For the hieratic text from which this extract is taken see Birch, Select Papyri , pll.
With these four gods four goddesses were associated, viz. Connected with the god Horus are a number of mythological beings called Heru shesu  or shemsu , as some read it , who appear already in the pyramid of Unas in connection with Horus and Set in the ceremony of purifying and "opening the mouth"; and in the pyramid of Pepi I.
In the judgment scene in the Book of the Dead, grouped round the pan of the balance which contains the heart of the deceased see Plate III.
Shai is the personification of destiny, and Renenet fortune; these names are usually found coupled. Shai and Renenet are said to be in the hands of Thoth, the divine intelligence of the gods; and Rameses II.
In the papyrus of Ani, Shai stands by himself near the pillar of the Balance, and Renenet is accompanied by Meskhenet , who appears to be the personification of all the conceptions underlying Shai and Renenet and something else besides.
In the story of the children of Ra, as related in the Westcar papyrus, we find the goddess Meskhenet mentioned with Isis, Nephthys, Heqet, and the god Khnemu as assisting at the birth of children.
Disguised in female forms, the four goddesses go to the house of Ra-user, and, professing to have a knowledge of the art of midwifery, they are admitted to the chamber where the child is about to be born; Isis stands before the woman, Nephthys behind her, and Heqet accelerates the birth.
When the child is born Meskhenet comes and looking upon him says, "A king; he shall rule throughout this land. May Khnemu give health and strength to his body.
The god Amen , his wife Mut and their associate Khonsu have nothing whatever to do with the Book of the Dead; but Amen, the first member of this great Theban triad, must be mentioned with the other gods, because he was usually identified with one or more of them.
The name Amen means the "hidden one," and the founding of the first shrine of the god recorded in history took place at Thebes during the XIIth dynasty; from that time until the close of the XVIIth dynasty, Amen was the chief god of Thebes and nothing more.
When, however, the last kings of the XVIIth dynasty had succeeded in expelling the so-called Hyksos and had delivered the country from the yoke of the foreigner, their god assumed an importance hitherto unknown, and his priests endeavoured to make his worship the first in the land.
Adapting an old Pythagorean notion, Plato had written in the Timaeus of the world soul revealed in the celestial X; to the early Christian this was a pagan imitation of the world-building crucified Logos who encompasses the cosmos and causes it to revolve around the mystery of the Cross.
Commenting on this interpretation, Dr. Eric Francis Osborn states, "The supremacy of divine love in creation leads Justin to attribute to Plato the concept of the cosmic cross.
The Pope uses the translation of Plato by Dr. As further stated in CIE , in addition to pre-Christian texts depicting the "crucified man in space," we also possess various Egypto-Christian artifacts connecting Jesus with both Osiris and Horus, including Gnostic gems.
As another example, in Ancient Christian Mage: Coptic Texts of Ritual Power , Drs. If the Pagan personified savior-cross existed first, the whole notion of Christ's redeeming power through the cross becomes derivative.
Rather than representing "history," it is more probable that Christ's "crucifixion" constitutes a mythical motif created in order to associate him with the already revered cross and image of a divine figure in cruciform.
We must therefore conclude that the figure of Christ on a cross or in the shape of a cross is a johnny-come-lately in the world of religious iconography, and the story of the crucifixion appears more likely a contrivance based on this important imagery, as well as on Jewish "messianic prophecies" or blueprints , instead of an improbable "historical" tale.
Indeed, the crucifixion reveals itself to be another pre-Christian mythical motif with a largely astrotheological meaning.
For much more information on this fascinating subject, see Christ in Egypt: Catholic Encyclopedia , IV, ed. Felix, Minucius, Octavius , ed.
Horizon of Eternity , tr. Justin Martyr, The Apologies of , ed. Kamil, Jill, Christianity in the Land of the Pharaohs: The Coptic Orthodox Church , Routledge, Maitland, Charles, The Church in the Catacombs: Plato, Timaeus and Critias , tr.
Desmond Lee, Penguin Books, The Octavius of Minucius Felix c. Cruciform prayer posture of deceased Christian in the catacombs.
The Shari in Egypt wearing crosses, possibly Assyrians, c. Wilkinson, I, , ff h. Crosses on the bottoms of ossuary-vases from the cemetery at Golasecca, Italy.
Prometheus crucified using chains on a Greek vase, c. Andromeda crucified using chains in a wall painting from Pompeii, c. Early Christian crucifix from the catacombs, in a manuscript from the sixth century.
Crucifixion scene from the Santa Sabina Church, Rome, 5th cent. Prometheus bound to a wooden stake or stauros, i. Horus using Egyptian cross to raise Osiris.
Plato's world soul forming a cross of the solar and planetary orbits and ecliptic. Moses raising up the "brazen serpent" or snake made of bronze, shaped like a cross.
Osiris as personified djed pillar holding the sun, surrounded by the two sisters Isis and Nephthys - called the Merti - found in the Egyptian Book of the Dead, Ani Papyrus, plate 1, c.
Christ on the cross, surrounded by the three Marys, per John Archangel Michael holding a djed cross in a Coptic painting, 18th cent. Join Our Mailing List!
To the Egyptian the cross was the symbol of immortality, an emblem of the Sun , and the god himself was crucified to the tree, which denoted his fructifying power.
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